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Te Kaha, 14 June 1840

The Bay of Plenty (Fedarb) treaty sheet was signed by Te Whānau-ā-Apanui rangatira (chiefs) at Te Kaha on 14 June 1840. The trader James W. Fedarb, who was the trading master of the schooner Mercury, was responsible for taking this treaty sheet around the Bay of Plenty and held a signing at Te Kaha. Papahia and Wiremu Maihi (Ngakuku) [1], both local Māori teachers, witnessed the signatures. [2] There were four signatories: Te Aopururangi, Te Ahiwaru, Te Aomārama and Te Wharau. A Ngāi Tai rangatira also signed at Tōrere on the same day. Fedarb gave five pipes and half a pound of tobacco to rangatira at Te Kaha.

[1] Ngakuku, called Wiremu Maihi or William Marsh, Opotiki Town Centre Historic Heritage Study, p. 9, and Ngakuku: missionary in Mataatua (Anglican Church)

[2] [1] T. Lindsay Buick, The Treaty of Waitangi: or, how New Zealand became a British colony, Mackay, Wellington, 1914, p. 210; Claudia Orange, The Treaty of Waitangi, Allen & Unwin, Port Nicholson Press with assistance from the Historical Publications Branch, Department of Internal Affairs, Wellington, 1987, p. 77


Signature number Signed as Probable name Tribe Hapu
10 Haupururangi Te Aopururangi Te Whānau-a-Apanui Te Whānau-a-Te Ehutu
11 Hahiwaru Te Ahiwaru Te Whānau-a-Apanui Te Whānau-a-Te Ehutu
12 Haomarama Te Aomārama Te Whānau-a-Apanui Te Whānau-a-Te Ehutu, Ngāti Rahiri?
13 Warau Te Wharau Te Whānau-a-Apanui Te Whānau-a-Te Ehutu