Nga Tohu

In 1840 more than 500 chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, New Zealand’s founding document. Ngā Tohu, when complete, will contain a biographical sketch of each signatory.


SignatureSheetSigned asProbable nameTribeHapūSigning Occasion
168Sheet 1 — The Waitangi SheetNopera PanakaraoNōpera Pana-kareaoTe RarawaTe PātūKaitāia 28 April 1840

Nōpera Pana-kareao signed the Waitangi sheet of the Treaty of Waitangi on 28 April 1840 at Kaitāia. His wife Ereōnora signed at the same time.

Pana-kareao was the final speaker on the day and his summing up of the treaty became famous: ‘What have we to say against the governor, the shadow of the land will go to him but the substance will remain with us’. Only a year later he reversed his position. According to the missionary Richard Taylor, ‘now he fears the substance of it will go to [the British] and the shadow only be [the Maori] portion.’

Read a full biography on Te Ara Biographies

If you have more information about this treaty signatory please add a community contribution below or contact us at [email protected].

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