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Gallipoli numbers - latest research

Book cover

For almost a hundred years it was generally accepted that only 8556 individuals served in the New Zealand Expeditionary Force at Gallipoli. In this ground-breaking work, Phenomenal and Wicked: Attrition and Reinforcement in the New Zealand Expeditionary Force at Gallipoli, made available here as a free e-book, New Zealand Defence historians John Crawford and Matthew Buck show definitively that this figure massively understates the number who served on the peninsula.

They demonstrate how shockingly high the New Zealand attrition rate at Gallipoli really was and that the New Zealand Expeditionary Force could not have been sustained without the commitment of thousands of additional reinforcements.

These discoveries radically change our understanding of the campaign and its impact on New Zealand both then and now.


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The book is the result of cooperation between the Ministry for Culture and Heritage, the New Zealand Defence Force, Archives New Zealand and Statistics New Zealand.