British & Irish immigration, 1840-1914

  • British & Irish immigration, 1840-1914

    Who were the ancestors of Pākehā New Zealand? Where did they come from and what sort of people were they? These are some of the questions which this feature sets out to answer.

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  • Page 3 – Where did they come from?

    The composition of the inflow from Britain and Ireland was quite different from the composition of the United Kingdom as a whole.

  • Page 5 – The Scots

    Table and graph showing which part of Scotland immigrants to New Zealand came from.

  • Page 7 – Where to?

    British-born population living in New Zealand provinces in 1871.

  • Page 8 – Who were the immigrants?

    Graph of figures taken from the death certificates of British and Irish immigrants to New Zealand (which include information on the father's occupation).

  • Page 9 – Conclusions

    These statistics suggest some larger conclusions about the character and values of New Zealand's founding Pākehā population

  • Page 10 – Further information

    Further sources relating to British and Irish immigration to New Zealand, including pdfs of more detailed information and statistics

Governors and Governors-General


  • Cargill, William Walter

    Often seen out in his blue bonnet and tartan plaid in early colonial Dunedin, Captain William Cargill was the first leader of the Free Church of Scotland’s settlement in Dunedin.

  • Main image: University of Otago

    Otago’s Lowland Scots settlers took education seriously and soon founded New Zealand's first university.