South-eastern suburb of Christchurch. Industries like wool scouring, which needed plentiful water, grew along the Heathcote River, and Woolston became a centre of industry. Its position on the railway line to Lyttelton increased its industrial importance. In the 20th century Woolston became the centre of New Zealand’s rubber industry. There was also a shoe polish factory, and a gelatine and glue works. Factory workers living nearby gave Woolston a strong working-class identity. It was a self-governing borough until 1921.

Meaning of place name
Believed to have been named by Joseph H. Hopkins after his birthplace in England, either in Glouscestershire or Hampshire. Hopkins came to Canterbury in 1862 and set up a store in this district.