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A Ngāpuhi raiding party prepares


War speech, painted by Augustus Earle in 1838.

A Ngāpuhi chief stands in a beached canoe addressing a crowd of warriors, most of whom are seated. Two other long canoes are on the beach, one with a sail is in the water, and others are pulled up close to a pā or kāinga. Most of the men are armed with guns; one holds a taiaha.

Earle’s text reads: ‘A party of warriors had collected at the Bay of Islands for the purpose of making a hostile visit to a tribe on the banks of the Thames. They were detained by contrary winds; and for several days were constantly engaged in listening to speeches from their chiefs, who addressed them from a canoe hauled on shore … one [canoe], which I measured, was 70 feet long, and carried one hundred fighting men.’


Alexander Turnbull Library
Reference: PUBL-0015-09
Artist: Augustus Earle, 1793-1838
Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image

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A Ngāpuhi raiding party prepares, URL:, (Manatū Taonga — Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated