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New Zealand’s first wind farm becomes operational

6 June 1996

Large propellor being hoisted up by a crane
Hau Nui wind farm under construction (Alexander Turnbull Library, EP-Energy-Wind Power-02)

Commissioned by Genesis Energy, New Zealand’s first commercial wind farm opened in the windy hills of Wairarapa. Named Hau Nui Farm, meaning Big Wind, its location was chosen because of the wind currents that are funnelled and accelerated by nearby Cook Strait and the Remutaka Range.

Stage one of the project was constructed at the northern end of Range Rd and saw the installation of seven E-40 wind turbines, a third-generation wind-energy technology. Each turbine has three 20-m blades, making the overall height an impressive 46 m. This allows the turbines to generate electricity in wind speeds of between 10 and 120 km per hour. When the wind exceeds 120 km/hr, the turbines automatically shut down to avoid damage.

Eight more turbines were installed in stage two of the project, which was completed in 2004. With 15 turbines, the farm produces enough energy to power 4200 homes.

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New Zealand’s first wind farm becomes operational, URL:, (Manatū Taonga — Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated