4 August

Rail tunnel pierces the Southern Alps

1923 Rail tunnel pierces the Southern Alps

The opening of the 8.5-km Ōtira tunnel completed the long-planned transalpine railway between Christchurch and Greymouth. At the time, it was the longest tunnel in the southern hemisphere and the sixth-longest in the world. Read more...
Cook Islands achieves self-government

1965 Cook Islands achieves self-government

First included within the boundaries of New Zealand in 1901, the islands were governed by a Resident Commissioner until 1946. When they achieved self-government, Cook Islanders remained New Zealand citizens. Read more...