Parihaka ploughing campaign begins

26 May 1879

Parihaka settlement painted by George Clarendon Beale, c. 1881
Parihaka settlement painted by George Clarendon Beale, c. 1881 (Puke Ariki, A65.651)

Under the leadership of Te Whiti-o-Rongomai and Tohu Kākahi, Parihaka Māori began a ploughing campaign in protest against European settlement on land confiscated from Māori.

Located on the lower slopes of Mt Taranaki near Cape Egmont, Parihaka became a centre of peaceful resistance from the mid-1860s. The movement involved not only neighbouring tribes, but Māori from around the country. At Parihaka, Te Whiti and Tohu began a campaign to resist European settlement on land confiscated from south Taranaki Māori who had fought against the government.

This campaign used non-violent methods. In 1879 the government started surveying confiscated land on the Waimate plain, south-east of Parihaka. Te Whiti’s followers disrupted these surveys and ploughed and fenced off land occupied by settlers. Many were arrested and held without trial in the South Island, but the protests continued.

In November 1881, the government sent more than 1500 troops to Parihaka. Most of its inhabitants were arrested or driven away; Te Whiti and Tohu were imprisoned until 1883 and much of the village was demolished. Despite the absence of its leaders, Parihaka was rebuilt. Ploughing campaigns − and arrests without trial − continued into the 1890s.

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Posted: 05 Nov 2021

Our Mounga has a ingoa a name it is Taranaki not cape, not Egmont not Naki but Taranaki.