Parliament's culture and traditions

Page 7 – A public meeting place

Parliament grounds

New Zealand is one of the few places in the world where the public can walk around the grounds of Parliament. On a fine day, people sunbathe or enjoy their lunch on the grass; walkers getting from one part of Wellington to another use the grounds as a short cut; and the rose gardens and sloping lawns make an ideal venue for special photographs, especially with the backdrop of the buildings. The grounds have been a traditional place for groups of people to gather for celebration, to listen to important announcements, for protest or to mourn the death of a major public figure.

The grounds around the first Parliament Buildings in Auckland in the 1850s and 1860s were bare paddocks. The grounds of the Wellington buildings were not much better, and it was not until the 1890s that they were landscaped, and all the hollows and bumps were smoothed into a gentle hillside. New gates were erected on Molesworth Street – the main entrance – and from there, a carriage drive swept up to the front of the buildings.

It was in the 1890s that electric lighting was first installed in the grounds. Until then, Members of Parliament (MPs) and others who worked in Parliament had to fumble their way out of the dark grounds aided by a gaslight that was lit only on evenings when there was no moon and even then was put out at midnight. There were stories of parliamentarians feeling their way along fences with the aid of umbrellas or sticks and walking into posts and poles in the dark. Complaints finally led to the appointment of a gaslighter stationed on the corner of the grounds who doused the outside lights at 2 a.m. after the last member left.

The 1907 fire made redesign of the grounds necessary, and the basic format created in the 1920s remains largely unchanged today. Lawns and drives were set out, and deciduous trees and pohutakawa were planted. The main entrance to the complex was put on the corner of Bowen Street and Lambton Quay where a large elm tree stood sentinel.

Piccolo Charlie

Piccolo Charley

A few people made Parliament grounds their place – somewhere to go to perform or to preach. One famous performer was Piccolo Charlie, who was called this because of the tunes he would play on his musical instrument in the 1890s and early 1900s. With his small dog by his side, Charlie would stand at the bottom of Molesworth Street and play the favourite tunes of politicians as they went by: 'Hard times come again no more' for Joseph Ward, 'The wearing of the green' for Richard Seddon, a Maori lament for James Carroll. Charlie was eventually moved along to the other end of town after someone complained about his music.


Statue of Seddon

Parliament grounds include two statues of former premiers. The bronze statue of Richard Seddon, premier between 1893 and 1906, stands outside Parliament House. It was designed by British sculptor Sir Thomas Brock and was erected in 1915. Today it is one of the most photographed parts of Parliament grounds. Outside the Parliamentary Library is the statue of 19th-century premier John Ballance. This marble statue, unveiled in 1897, originally stood on Parliament's front lawn. It was moved after the First World War when the grounds were landscaped again.

How to cite this page

'A public meeting place', URL:, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 17-Jul-2014