This web feature was originally adapted from Malcolm McKinnon's entry in The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Military History and produced by the NZHistory team. In 2013 it was revised by Gareth Phipps.



  • Ian McGibbon, New Zealand and the Korean War, volume 1: politics and diplomacy, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, reprinted 1996
  • Ian McGibbon, New Zealand’s Vietnam War: a history of combat, commitment and controversy, Exisle Publishing, Auckland, 2010
  • Ian McGibbon (ed.), The Oxford companion to New Zealand military history, Oxford University Press, Auckland, 2000
  • Ian McGibbon and John Crawford (eds), Seeing Red: New Zealand, the Commonwealth and the Cold War, NZ Military History Committee, Wellington, 2012
  • Malcolm McKinnon, Independence and foreign policy: New Zealand in the world since 1935, Auckland University Press, Auckland, 1993
  • Roberto Rabel, New Zealand and the Vietnam War: politics and diplomacy, Auckland University Press, Auckland, 2005
  • Alexander Trapeznik and Aaron Fox (eds), Lenin’s Legacy Down Under: New Zealand’s Cold War, University of Otago Press, Dunedin, 2004
How to cite this page

'Further information', URL:, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 10-May-2022