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41 die in Ballantynes fire

18 November 1947

The fire guts Ballantynes department store
The fire guts Ballantynes department store (Alexander Turnbull Library, PAColl-5936-48)

The fire in Christchurch’s prestigious department store was the deadliest in New Zealand’s history.

When the fire began in a basement about 3.30 p.m., 250–300 people were shopping at Ballantynes, which had a staff of 458. The staff member who saw smoke coming from a stairwell asked a colleague to call the fire brigade.

Tragically, the brigade did not log this call. By the time firefighters arrived at 3.48 – ill-equipped to tackle anything bigger than a fire in a cellar – the blaze was out of control.

However, staff on the ground floor assumed the fire could be contained and no general evacuation was ordered. Staff returning from a tea break were told to go back to work, and customers entered the store as late at 3.56.

As the smoke thickened, individual staff members cleared their areas, and all customers and most staff escaped. But the ‘millinery girls’ and those working in credit and accounts were trapped. Thirty-eight staff and two auditors perished in the fire, and a pregnant staff member jumped to her death.

See also: Civic funeral for 41 Ballantynes fire victims – 23 November 1947

How to cite this page

41 die in Ballantynes fire, URL:, (Manatū Taonga — Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated