He Whakaputanga - Declaration of Independence

Page 3 – Further information

This web feature was originally written by Steve Watters and produced by the NZHistory team. In 2017 the content was updated and a database of signatories added by Jared Davidson.

The biographical information for the signatory pages has come from a range of sources, including: whānau information; genealogical research; official records; newspapers; Waitangi Tribunal reports and Briefs of Evidence; and published accounts including biographies and other information on Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand and the Treaty of Waitangi signatory database and other information on the New Zealand History website. Download this pdf for a more comprehensive list of sources.



Department of Internal Affairs, He Whakaputanga/The Declaration of Independence, 1835, Bridget Williams Books, Wellington, 2017.

Waitangi Tribunal, He Whakaputanga me te Tiriti: The Declaration and the Treaty: The Report on Stage 1 of the Te Paparahi o Te Raki Inquiry, Legislation Direct, Lower Hutt, 2014.

Susan Healy, Ingrid Huygens and Takawai Murphy, Ngāpuhi Speaks: He Wakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Nu Tireni and Te Tiriti o Waitangi: Independent Report, Ngāpuhi Nui Tonu, Te Kawariki and Network Waitangi Whangarei, Kaitāia, 2012.

Manuka A. Henare, ‘The Changing Images of Nineteenth Century Māori Society – From Tribes to Nation’, PhD thesis, Victoria University of Wellington, 2003.

Alison Jones and Kuni Jenkins, He Kōrero/Words Between Us: First Māori–Pākehā Conversations on Paper, Huia, Wellington, 2011.

Vincent O’Malley, The Meeting Place: Māori and Pākehā Encounters, 1642–1840, Auckland University Press, Auckland, 2012.

Claudia Orange, The Treaty of Waitangi (first published 1987), rev. ed., Bridget Williams Books, Wellington, 2011.

How to cite this page

'Further information', URL: https://nzhistory.govt.nz/culture/he-whakaputanga/further-information, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 13-Jan-2022

Community contributions

5 comments have been posted about Further information

What do you know?

Kepu Lauaki

Posted: 17 Feb 2022

Hey just seeing if you can add a paragraph about how is the declaration of independence preserved

Lucy S

Posted: 15 Sep 2021

Kia ora Wayne, If you just hit print it will come out in a printer-friendly fashion. Cheers!

Wayne Muntz

Posted: 18 Aug 2021

is there a print friendly button anywhere...Best W.

Kate floss

Posted: 13 Jul 2021

The date of the Maori to English text of the treaty by Hugh kawharu is 1989.
What is the date of the Maori to English text by manuka henare? ??


Posted: 29 Jan 2021

Is the Maori declaration of independence recognised in current new zealand law and the British monarchy?