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Olaf Nelson

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New Zealand in Samoa

New Zealand was ill-equipped to cope with the Western Samoa mandate it was allocated by the League of Nations in 1920. The Mau movement's passive resistance culminated in the violence of 'Black Saturday', 28 December 1929, which left 11 Samoans and one New Zealand policeman dead. Read the full article

Page 4 - Sowing seeds of discontent

By 1926, anti-New Zealand feeling was strong throughout Samoa.

Page 5 - The rise of the Mau movement

Samoa has a history of opposition to European rule, but the opposition that emerged in the late 1920s was organised and

Page 6 - Stepping up the Mau campaign

In January 1928 Mau policeman, dressed in a uniform of a purple lavalava with a white stripe, began enforcing a sā - ban - on European stores in Apia.

Page 7 - Black Saturday

One New Zealand policeman and up to 11 Samoans, including Tupua Tamasese Lealofi III, were killed in Apia on Black Saturday - 28 December

Page 8 - Towards independence

On 4 June 2002 Prime Minister Helen Clark offered 'a formal apology to the people of Samoa for the injustices arising from New Zealand's administration of Samoa in its earlier

One of the Samoan terms for Samoa's part-European population is 'afakasi. This term does not necessarily have the same negative connotations as its English translation, 'half-caste'.