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MMP

Events In History

12 October 1996

In the first general election held under the new mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) voting system, New Zealand voters selected 120 members of Parliament through a mixture of electorate contests and party lists.

Articles

The House of Representatives

New Zealand's Parliament dates back to 1854, just 14 years after the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi and the beginning of the European settlement of the country. For most of its history as a nation state, New Zealand has had some form of elected government. Read the full article

Page 4 - Doing business

The operation of Parliament has changed over time as its workload has grown and new systems such as MMP have been implemented.

The road to MMP

In 1993 New Zealanders voted to replace their traditional first past the post (FPP) voting system with mixed member proportional representation (MMP). Eighteen years on, as Kiwis voted in a new electoral referendum, we explore how and why that dramatic reform came about. Read the full article

Page 1 - The road to MMP

In 1993 New Zealanders voted to replace their traditional first past the post (FPP) voting system with mixed member proportional representation (MMP). Eighteen years on, as Kiwis

Page 2 - First past the post

From 1853 until 1993 (apart from 1908–13) New Zealand elections were held under the first past the post (FPP) or plurality

Page 3 - The Royal Commission

During the 1981 and 1984 campaigns, Labour promised to set up a Royal Commission to look into a wide range of issues relating to the electoral

Page 4 - Putting it to the vote

Although only 55% of electors took part in a referendum, an overwhelming 85% voted to change their electoral system. In the second part of the poll, 70% favoured mixed member

Page 5 - 1996 and beyond - the road to MMP

The three years following the 1993 referendum, before the first MMP election in 1996, were ones of transition and

Page 6 - Further information

Find out more about New Zealand's road to

Television in New Zealand

New Zealand’s first non-experimental television transmission went to air on 1 June 1960. To mark five decades of TV, in 2010 we presented five snapshots of Kiwi TV history. Explore pre-1960 experiments, TV news, music shows and modern election coverage - and discover how our own history has been showcased on the small screen. Read the full article

Page 5 - Elections on TV

It took a while for television to make its mark on New Zealand elections, but since the 1980s the small screen has become the decisive election

Main image: MMP poster
This poster from the 1993 referendum campaign is in support of mixed member proportional representation (MMP).