Tūranga treaty copy

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East Coast copy of the treaty

Tūranga (Gisborne) missionary William Williams had the task of persuading chiefs between East Cape and Ahuriri (Napier) to sign the treaty. Between 5 and 12 May 1840, 24 chiefs signed at his mission station. In Williams’ view, this was almost the whole leadership of the district. By early June, 41 chiefs had signed. Williams had not gained the agreement of the great chief, Te Kani-a-Takirau, whose house at Ūawa (Tolaga Bay) Williams used as a meeting place.

The East Coast copy is one of two handwritten Māori-language copies circulated by Henry Williams for signing. He carried the other himself to the Wellington region. The East Coast copy has a ruled double border and a genuine but shaky signature by Lieutenant-Governor William Hobson, who was recovering from a stroke. William Williams referred to the document as a ‘draft of [a] Treaty’, indicating that he – unlike his fellow missionaries – expected a later confirmation or ratification. However, on 25 April Hobson had stated that all signatures collected after 6 February were merely testimonials of adherence.

Follow links in this table to find out more about those who signed and the signing occasion.

Sheet 9 — The East Coast Sheet
Sign ordersort descending Signed as Probable name Tribe Hapū Signing Occasion
1 Manutahi Kemara Manutahi Rongowhakaata Ngāti Maru Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
2 Mangere Te Waaka Māngere Rongowhakaata Ngāti Kaipoho Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
3 Turangi Potiti Paratene Tūrangi Rongowhakaata Ngāi Tawhiri, Ngāi Te Kete Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
4 Turuki Te Tūruki Rongowhakaata Ngāti Maru Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
5 Maronui Maronui Rongowhakaata Ngāti Kaipoho Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
6 Te Urimaitai Ūiramaitai Te Aitanga-a-Hauiti Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
7 Te Kaingakiore Te Kaingakiore Rongowhakaata Ngāi Tahupo, Ngāti Kaipoho Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
8 Tauamanaia Tauāmanaia Rongowhakaata Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
9 Tuwarakihi Tūwarakihi Rongowhakaata Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
10 Eruera Wna Eruera Wina Ngāpuhi? Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
11 Ma te nga Tukareaho Mātenga Tūkareaho Ngāti Kahungunu Ngāti Rākaipaaka Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
13 Ko Paia te Rangi Paia-te-rangi Rongowhakaata Ngāti Maru Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
14 Tuhura Tūhura Rongowhakaata Ngāti Maru Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
15 Mahuika Wi Mahuika Te Aitanga-a-Māhaki Ngā Pōtiki Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
16 Tutapaturangi Tūtapatūrangi / Tu-te-pakihi-rangi Ngāti Kahungunu Te Aitanga-ā-whare Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
17 Te Hore Te Hori Rongowhakaata, Te Aitanga-a-Māhaki Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
18 Te Panepane Te Panepane Te Aitanga-a-Māhaki, Rongowhakaata Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
19 Titirangi Rawiri Tītīrangi Te Aitanga-a-Mahaki Ngāti Wahia, Ngāti Matepu Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
20 Te Pakaru Enoka Te Pakaru Te Aitanga-a-Māhaki Te Whānau-a-Taupara Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
21 Te Wareana Te Whareana Te Aitanga-a-Māhaki, Rongowhakaata? Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
22 Tawarau Tawarau Te Aitanga-a-Māhaki Te Whānau-a-Taupara, Te Whānau-a-Kai Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
23 Wakahingatu Whakahingatū Rongowhakaata Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
24 Aera Te Eke Rāwiri Te Eke Te Aitanga-a-Hauiti Ngāti Oneone Tūranga, 5-12 May 1840
25 Ranguia Nōpera Te Rangiūia Te Aitanga-a-Hauiti Ūawa, 16-17 May 1840
26 Parekahika Pare-kahika Te Aitanga-a-Hauiti Ūawa, 16-17 May 1840
27 Te Tore Te Tore Ngāti Matepu? Ūawa, 16-17 May 1840
28 Te Mimiopaoa Te Mimi-ō-Pāoa Ngāti Porou, Rongowhakaata Whakawhitira Waiapu, 25-31 May 1840
29 Rangiwakataetae Rangiwhakatātae Ngāti Porou Whakawhitira Waiapu, 25-31 May 1840
30 Tutaepa Tūtāepa Ngāti Porou Whakawhitira Waiapu, 25-31 May 1840
31 Rangiwai Rangiwai Ngāti Porou Whakawhitira Waiapu, 25-31 May 1840
32 Takatua/Pakatua Takatua Ngāti Porou Whakawhitira Waiapu, 25-31 May 1840
33 Te Kauruoterangi Te Kauru-o-te-rangi Ngāti Porou Whakawhitira Waiapu, 25-31 May 1840
35 David Rangikatia Rawiri Rangikatia Ngāti Porou Rangitukia Waiapu, 1 June 1840
36 Koiauruterangi Rauru-te-rangi Ngāti Porou Rangitukia Waiapu, 1 June 1840
37 Awarau Awarau Ngāti Porou Rangitukia Waiapu, 1 June 1840
38 Tamaiwakanehu Tama-i-whakanehua-i-te-rangi Ngāti Porou Te Whānau-a-Ruataupare, Te Whānau-a-Te-Ao Tokomaru, 9 June 1840
39 Te Potae Enoka Te Pōtae-aute Ngāti Porou Te Whānau-a-Ruataupare, Te Whānau-a-Te-Poriro Tokomaru, 9 June 1840
40 Tamitere Tāmitere Tokomaru Ngāti Porou Te Whānau-a-Ruataupare Tokomaru, 9 June 1840
41 Te Mokopuorongo Paratene Te Mokopūōrongo Ngāti Porou Te Whānau-a-Ruataupare Tokomaru, 9 June 1840