Waikato-Manukau treaty copy

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The Waikato-Manukau copy of the treaty

There are 39 signatures on the Waikato-Manukau copy of the Treaty of Waitangi. This appears to have been the only copy of the treaty in English that was sent out for signing (see a transcript of the main text here).

Robert Maunsell, whose mission station was near the mouth of the Waikato River, received this copy in late March or early April 1840, just as about 1500 Māori were gathering for a meeting. He believed that the 32 chiefs who initially signed the copy were most of the leading men of the area. They were mainly from the lower Waikato region, with some from Ngāruawāhia and further upstream. Seven names were added at Manukau Harbour (probably at Āwhitu) on 26 April. Te Wherowhero and several others who were present refused to sign, possibly because the occasion lacked the dignity of the events at Waitangi.

This copy is neatly written on paper. It has the seal and signature of Lieutenant-Governor William Hobson, who signed with his left hand because his right hand had been paralysed by a stroke on 1 March. Maunsell took care to record the tribe (iwi) and/or hapū (subtribe) of most of the chiefs. Sometimes he noted their location, although this was seldom fixed as political and seasonal pressures meant that chiefs and their people moved about a good deal. Hoana (Joanna?) Riutoto (No. 15) was a woman of rank.

Follow links in this table to find out more about those who signed and the signing occasion.

Sheet 3 — The Waikato-Manukau Sheet
Sign ordersort descending Signed as Probable name Tribe Hapū Signing Occasion
1 Paengahuru Paengahuru Waikato Ngāti Tipā Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
2 Kiwi Ngarau Kiwi Ngārau Waikato Ngāti Tahinga Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
3 Te Paki Hōne Wētere Te Paki Waikato Ngāti Ngau Ngau Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
4 Ngapaka Ngāpaka Waikato Ngāti Tipā Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
5 Kukutai Pāora Kūkūtai Waikato Ngāti Tipā Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
6 Te Ngoki Te Ngohi Ngāti Maniapoto? Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
7 Muriwenua Muriwhenua Ngāti Hauā Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
8 Te Pakaru Te Pakaru Ngāti Maniapoto Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
9 Waraki Nūtoni Te Waraki Ngāti Maniapoto Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
10 Kiwi (Te Roto) Kiwi Te Roto Waikato Ngāti Māhuta Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
11 Te Paerata Te Paerata Waikato Ngāti Pou Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
12 Te Katipa Te Kātipa Waikato Ngāti Pou Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
13 Maikuku Maikūkū Waikato Ngāti Te Ata Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
14 Aperahama Ngakainga Āperahama Ngākāinga Waikato Ngāti Te Ata Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
15 Hoana Riutoto Hoana Riutoto Waikato Ngāti Mahuta Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
16 Te Wairakau Te Wairākau Waikato Ngāti Te Ata Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
17 Hako Hakiwaka Waikato? Ngāti Te Wehi Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
18 Wiremu Te Awa-i-taia Wiremu Nēra Te Awa-i-tāia Waikato Ngāti Māhanga Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
19 Tuneu Ngawaka Tūnui Ngāwaka Waikato Ngāti Tāhinga Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
20 Kemura Wareroa Kāmura Whareroa Waikato Ngāti Tāhinga Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
21 Pohepohe Pohepohe Ngāti Hauā Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
22 Pokawa Rawhirawhi Pōkawa Rawhirawhi Ngāti Hauā Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
23 Te Puata Te Pūata Waikato Ngāti Ruru Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
24 Te Mokorau Te Mokoroa Waikato Ngāti Ruru Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
25 Pungarehu Pungarehu Waikato Ngāti Apakura Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
26 Pohotukia Pohotukia Waikato Ngāti Apakura Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
27 Te Keha Te Keha Waikato Ngāti Naho Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
28 Te Wharepu Te Wharepū Waikato Ngāti Hine Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
29 Te Kanawa Te Kanawa Waikato Ngāti Hine Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
30 Te Whata Te Whata Waikato Ngāti Tīpā Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
31 Ngawaka (Te Ao) Ngāwaka Te Ao-o-te-rangi Waikato Ngāti Hourua Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
32 Peehi Peehi Waikato Ngāti Ruru Waikato Heads, Late March or early April 1840
33 Wiremu Ngawaro Wiremu Ngāwaro Waikato Ngāti Te Ata Manukau Harbour, 26 April 1840
34 Hone Kingi Hōne Kīngi Waikato Ngāti Te Ata Manukau Harbour, 26 April 1840
35 Ko te ta Wha Te Tawa Waikato Ngāti Te Ata Manukau Harbour, 26 April 1840
36 Tamati Tāmati Waikato? Manukau Harbour, 26 April 1840
37 Rabata Waiti Rāpata Waiti Waikato? Manukau Harbour, 26 April 1840
38 Te Awarahi Te Kātipa Te Awarahi Waikato Ngāti Te Ata Manukau Harbour, 26 April 1840
39 Rehurehu Rehurehu Waikato? Manukau Harbour, 26 April 1840