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Events on this Day – 3 November


In October 1863, during the first phase of the Waikato War, the colonial government sent HMS Miranda, a screw corvette (steamship), and the gunboat HMS Sandfly to blockade the Firth of Thames. Their mission was to prevent supplies reaching the Kīngitanga forces which were fighting on the Waikato River, and to patrol the area for ‘rebel’ Māori.


From a dairy factory at Pukekura, Waikato, Henry Reynolds launched Anchor butter. The brand name, allegedly inspired by a tattoo on the arm of one of his workers, would become one of this country’s best-known trademarks.


Built by the privately owned Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company (WMR), the line helped open the Kāpiti Coast, Horowhenua and Manawatū to European settlement.


The trial proved popular with most New Zealanders and daylight saving of one hour between October and March was made permanent in 1975.