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Waikato Wars

Events In History

31 March 1864

The last battle of the Waikato War began when the spearhead of a strong British force charged an apparently weak Māori position at Ōrākau, south-east of Te Awamutu. After two frontal assaults failed, the British besieged the pā.

Articles

Māori King movement - 1860-94

King Tāwhiao's reign was dominated by the Waikato War and the fallout from it. Read the full article

Page 1 - Troubled times

King Tāwhiao's reign was dominated by the Waikato War and the fallout from

The Treaty in practice

Amalgamating Māori into colonial settler society was a key part of British policy in New Zealand after 1840. Economic and social change, along with land-purchase programmes, were central to this process. Read the full article

Page 2 - Slide to war

War raged in the North Island in the mid-19th century. The period from 1860, when conflict broke out in Taranaki, through to about 1872, is commonly called the New Zealand Wars.

War in Waikato

After fighting broke out again in Taranaki in early 1863, Governor George Grey turned his attention to the region he saw as the root of his problems with Māori: Waikato, the heartland of the anti-landselling King Movement. Grey vowed to ‘dig around’ the Kīngitanga until it fell. Read the full article

Page 1 - War in Waikato

After fighting broke out again in Taranaki in early 1863, Governor George Grey turned his attention to the region he saw as the root of his problems with Māori: Waikato, the

Page 2 - Invasion plans

Governor Gore Browne demanded that the Kīngitanga submit ‘without reserve’ to the British Queen and began planning an invasion of Waikato shortly before his reassignment to

Page 3 - The opening phase

The British invasion of Waikato began on 12 July 1863. The first Māori line of defence was at Meremere. After this was bypassed, Rangiriri and Pāterangi provided a second and then

Page 4 - Rangiriri

The decisive battle for Waikato was fought at Rangiriri in November

Page 5 - The invasion continues

After the British victory at Rangiriri, Wiremu Tāmihana tried to negotiate peace. He sent his greenstone mere (club) to Cameron as a token of his good faith. But neither Grey nor

Page 6 - The Battle of Ōrākau

James Belich argues that the British victory at Ōrākau was also their ‘cruellest disappointment of the entire war’. Chris Pugsley, on the other hand, sees Ōrākau as the ‘decisive

Page 7 - Further information

Books and links relating to the Waikato