- George Grey
- 14 Apr 1812–19 Sep 1898
13 Oct 1877–8 Oct 1879
Age on becoming Premier:
Events In History
15 October 1877Former Governor Grey becomes Premier
Grey played a central role in 19th-century New Zealand politics, serving two terms as governor before entering Parliament to fight Julius Vogel's plans to abolish the provinces. He was the first of just two men who have held both positions. Read more...
21 July 1865Capture of Weraroa pā
Governor George Grey led a small force that captured a Pai Mārire (Hauhau) pā at Weraroa, Waitōtara. The pā had long lost its strategic significance, and its small garrison had seemed willing to surrender. Read more...
24 January 1865British troops invade south Taranaki
Over a thousand troops commanded by Duncan Cameron set out on what was to be the general’s final campaign in New Zealand. Read more...
3 December 1863Land confiscation law passed
Parliament passed legislation for the confiscation (raupatu) of Māori land to punish tribes deemed to have ‘engaged in open rebellion against Her Majesty’s authority’ in the early 1860s. Pākehā settlers would occupy the confiscated land. Read more...
31 December 1853Grey leaves New Zealand after first term as governor
During his first term as governor, George Grey was praised for ending the Northern War and obtaining land from Māori, but he angered settlers by delaying the implementation of a constitution that would have given them political power. Read more...
17 January 1853New Zealand Constitution Act comes into force
Governor Sir George Grey issued a proclamation to bring the New Zealand Constitution Act (UK) of 1852 into operation, establishing a system of representative government for the colony. Read more...
11 January 1846Ruapekapeka pā occupied by British and Māori forces
The battle at Ruapekapeka (‘bats’ nest’), a sophisticated pā built by the Ngāpuhi chief Kawiti, ended the Northern War. Debate soon raged as to whether the fortress had been deliberately abandoned or captured. Read more...
New Zealand has had 16 resident governors and 20 Governors-General. Two early governors were called governor-in-chief.
- Page 1 - Governors and governors-generalNew Zealand has had 16 resident governors and 20 Governors-General. Two early governors were called
Amalgamating Māori into colonial settler society was a key part of British policy in New Zealand after 1840. Economic and social change, along with land-purchase programmes, were central to this process.
Page 2 – Slide to war
War raged in the North Island in the mid-19th century. The period from 1860, when conflict broke out in Taranaki, through to about 1872, is commonly called the New Zealand Wars
See some of the key events between 1800 and 1849 relating to the Treaty of Waitangi.
- Page 1 - Treaty events 1800-49See some of the key events between 1800 and 1849 relating to the Treaty of Waitangi.
King Tāwhiao's reign was dominated by the Waikato War and its fallout.
- Page 2 - Build up to warLike his father, King Tāwhiao opposed the war in Taranaki. The government, however, remained unconvinced. In July 1860 Governor Gore Browne sought to isolate the Kīngitanga and
New Zealand has had a governor or (from 1917) a Governor-General since 1840. The work of these men and women has reflected the constitutional and political history of New Zealand in many ways.
- Page 4 - Responsible governmentIn the 1840s settlers were demanding a say in government. Governor Grey suspended an overly elaborate constitution in 1846, but the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 gave male
After fighting broke out again in Taranaki in early 1863, Governor George Grey turned his attention to the region he saw as the root of his problems with Māori: Waikato. This was the heartland of the anti-landselling King Movement (Kīngitanga). Grey vowed to ‘dig around’ the Kīngitanga until it fell.
- Page 2 - Invasion plansGovernor Gore Browne demanded that the Kīngitanga submit ‘without reserve’ to the British Queen and began planning an invasion of Waikato shortly before his reassignment to
During the first half of 1864 the focus of the New Zealand Wars shifted from Waikato to Tauranga. In this phase of the conflict British forces suffered a catastrophic defeat at Pukehinahina – better known as the Gate pā – but later inflicted heavy losses on Māori forces at Te Ranga.
- Page 4 - British soul searchingBritish soul-searching after the defeat at Gate Pā did not begin with an acknowledgement of the superior tactics and capability of their
The Northern War, fought in the Bay of Islands in 1845-46, was the first serious challenge to the Crown in the years after the Treaty of Waitangi. Its opening shots marked the beginning of the wider North Island conflicts that are often referred to as the New Zealand Wars.
Page 7 – Ruapekapeka
Ruapekapeka may have been a tactical victory for the British, but many consider the outcome a draw. Heke and Kawiti had escaped with their forces largely intact, and the terms
Page 8 – Peace breaks out
Historian James Belich contends that Grey won the propaganda war and Kawiti and Heke won the real war. Others argue that Belich's revisionism goes too far and maintain that
- northern war
- pai marire
- te ua haumene
- duncan cameron
- ruapekapeka attack
- te ruki kawiti
- historic places
- new zealand wars
- thomas gore browne
- legislative council
- liberal party
- lord onslow
- hone heke
- robert fitzroy
- tamati waka nene
- land confiscation
- alfred domett
- waikato wars
- wiremu tamihana tarapipipi te waharoa
- maori leaders
- tukaroto potatau matutaera tawhiao
- george gipps
- wellington city
- treaty of waitangi
- maori land
- race relations
- george clarke
- pre-1840 contact
- declaration of independence
- united tribes
- william hobson
- james busby
- new zealand company