1915, Gallipoli landings
More than 40 Māori chiefs signed a treaty with the British Crown in the Bay of Islands. This ‘Treaty of Waitangi’ remains controversial.
The liner, carrying 400 passengers, struck Barrett Reef in Wellington Harbour on 19 January. Only an unusually long spell of fine weather - dubbed 'Wanganella weather' by locals - saved it from becoming a total wreck.