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Events In History

19 October 1992

The foundation was established in Australia by the Kiwi-born ophthalmologist (eye doctor) to treat eye problems in poorer countries. Within six years, 200,000 people had their sight restored through cataract surgery.

3 May 1897

Margaret Cruickshank, the first female doctor registered in New Zealand, practised in Waimate, South Canterbury, until her death from influenza in 1918.


New Zealand and Le Quesnoy

It was the New Zealand Division's final action of the First World War. On 4 November 1918, just a week before the Armistice was signed, New Zealand troops stormed the walled French town of Le Quesnoy. The 90 men killed were among the last of the 12,483 who fell on the Western Front. Read the full article

Page 4 - Battle accounts, Lieutenant Averill

Leslie Cecil Lloyd Averill is best remembered for his exploits during the liberation of Le Quesnoy on 4 November

Armistice Day

After four terrible years, fighting in the First World War finally ended with the signing of an armistice between Germany and the Allies on 11 November 1918. New Zealanders celebrated enthusiastically, despite having recently celebrated the surrenders of the three other Central Powers and the premature news of an armistice with Germany. Read the full article

Page 5 - Armistice Day and the flu

The influenza pandemic dampened some armistice celebrations, particularly in

Hospital ships

The Maheno and Marama were the poster ships of New Zealand's First World War effort. Until 1915 these steamers had carried passengers on the Tasman route. But as casualties mounted at Gallipoli, the government - helped by a massive public fundraising campaign - converted them into state-of-the-art floating hospitals. Read the full article

Page 4 - Civilians at Gallipoli

The Maheno arrived in the Mediterranean in time for the Allies’ bloody late August 1915 offensives to find that not much had improved since the April

Page 5 - Life on board

What was life like aboard a hospital ship? That largely depended on your job, your rank and your

Medical Units

The New Zealand Expeditionary Force was supported by a broad network of medical services in the First World War Read the full article

Page 1 - Medical Units of the NZEF

The New Zealand Expeditionary Force was supported by a broad network of medical services in the First World

Page 2 - New Zealand Medical Corps

Margaret Cruickshank, New Zealand's first registered woman doctor, pictured at her graduation from University of Otago Medical School, circa 1897.