Events In History


School of Radiant Living

  • School of Radiant Living

    The School of Radiant Living was a movement active in New Zealand from the late 1930s until the late 1980s. Founder Dr Herbert Sutcliffe taught a holistic philosophy of physical, psychological and spiritual health.

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  • Page 2 – Herbert Sutcliffe

    Biography of the founder of the School of Radiant Living in New Zealand

  • Page 3 – Teachings

    The teachings of Radiant Living were complex and involved holistic psychological, physical and spiritual health.

  • Page 4 – Peloha

    'On yonder hill you will pitch your tent' prophesied the daughter of Golden Dawn founder Robert Felkin to Herbert Sutcliffe, as she pointed towards Te Mata Peak.

  • Page 5 – The Havelock work

    Havelock North has long been a centre of 'alternative thought' or liberal theology in New Zealand.

  • Page 6 – Origins of Radiant Living

    Radiant Living emerged from the American-based philosophical movement New Thought, which gained popularity in the late 19th century

  • Page 7 – Edmund Hillary

    One of the first New Zealand schools of Radiant Living was established in Auckland. Its secretary was Gertrude Hillary who reported progress early in 1939. Her son, Edmund, was

  • Page 8 – The eliminating diet

    To obtain physical fitness, it is of vital importance that the right mental attitude should accompany the food diet to enable the emotions, nerves and glands to co-operate

  • Page 9 – Salad recipes

    Colour, beauty, exquisite artistry find joyous expression in the Art of Salad Making. The homemaker who serves salads so deliciously and artistically tempting that the

  • Page 10 – Further information

    This web feature was written by Hilary Stace and produced by the team.LinksThe following biographies related to this topic can be found on the Dictionary of NZ

The 1918 influenza pandemic

  • The 1918 influenza pandemic

    The lethal influenza pandemic that struck New Zealand between October and December 1918 killed about 9000 people in two months. No other event has claimed so many New Zealand lives in such a short time.

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  • Page 2 – The pandemic begins abroad

    The 1918 influenza pandemic was commonly referred to as ‘the Spanish flu’, but it did not originate in Spain.

  • Page 3 – The pandemic hits New Zealand

    Many people believed that the second wave of the 1918 influenza pandemic arrived in New Zealand as ‘a deadly new virus’ on board the RMS Niagara.

  • Page 4 – Uneven rates of death

    No other event has killed so many New Zealanders in so short a space of time. While the First World War claimed the lives of more than 18,000 New Zealand soldiers over four

  • Page 5 – Response to the influenza pandemic

    There was a degree of consistency in New Zealand's response to the influenza pandemic, thanks to a telegram the Health Minister, George Russell, issued to all borough councils

  • Page 7 – Aftermath

    Robert MakgillFollowing the pandemic, speculation about the Niagara's role in bringing the virus to New Zealand continued.

  • Page 9 – South Island influenza death rates

    Death rates in South Island towns and counties from the influenza pandemic

  • Page 11 – Further information

    This web feature was written by Imelda Bargas and produced by the team.

Assisted immigration, 1947-75

  • Assisted immigration, 1947-75

    New Zealand is a country of immigrants. Wave after wave of peoples have settled here: Polynesian, British, European, Asian.

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  • Page 2 - Peopling New ZealandThe Labour Department was responsible for setting up and administering the assisted immigration

Children and adolescents, 1930-1960

  • Children and adolescents, 1930-1960

    The need for the New Zealand government to promote national interests during the Depression and the Second World War created a renewed appreciation of the role of the family within society.

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  • Page 2 - Children's healthBy the late 1940s all New Zealand children had a medical examination on entering school, and were seen by a nurse at standards two and six. These examinations helped identify

Pacific Islanders in the NZEF

  • Pacific Islanders in the NZEF

    Cook Islanders, Niueans, Fijians and Gilbert Islanders all took their place in the ranks of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force during the First World War. As well as the dangers of war, Pacific soldiers faced language difficulties, an unfamiliar army diet and European diseases.

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  • Page 2 - Niueans and Cook IslandersInformation about Niuean and Cook Island soldiers who were part of the 3rd Maori Contingent in

Homosexual law reform

  • Homosexual law reform

    The homosexual law reform campaign moved beyond the gay community to wider issues of human rights and discrimination. Extreme viewpoints ensured a lengthy and passionate debate before the Homosexual Law Reform Act was passed in July 1986.

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  • Page 4 - Reforming the lawTo bring about change in the law, the gay movement needed a parliamentary champion. It found one in Labour MP Fran

Schools and the First World War

  • Schools and the First World War

    Schools and children were quickly called into action at the outset of the First World War in 1914. Developing patriotic, fit and healthy citizens was seen as important to the survival of the country and the Empire. Hundreds of teachers joined the NZEF, including many from sole-teacher schools. Almost 200 never returned.

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  • Page 2 - Schools in 1914The head of the Department of Education believed that ‘moral purpose should dominate the spirit of the whole school life.’ Schools and teachers were to shape children into

Merchant marine

  • Merchant marine

    On 3 September New Zealand honours Merchant Navy Day. Here we explore the little-known but vital role played by the merchant marine during the First World War, when these civilian seafarers often found themselves in the front line of the war at sea.

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  • Page 4 - Hospital shipsIn May 1915, as casualties mounted at Gallipoli, the government chartered a hospital ship, the Union Company's 5282-ton trans-Tasman liner

The Gallipoli campaign

  • The Gallipoli campaign

    Each year on Anzac Day, New Zealanders (and Australians) mark the anniversary of the Gallipoli landings of 25 April 1915. On that day, thousands of young men, far from their homes, stormed the beaches on the Gallipoli Peninsula in what is now Türkiye.

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  • Page 7 - Soldiers' experienceLife for the New Zealand soldier on Gallipoli was tough. They struggled with the harsh environment, living and fighting amongst the deep ravines and high cliffs that towered above

Passchendaele: fighting for Belgium

  • Passchendaele: fighting for Belgium

    Ever since 1917 Passchendaele has been a byword for the horror of the First World War. The assault on this tiny Belgian village cost the lives of thousands of New Zealand soldiers. But its impact reached far beyond the battlefield, leaving deep scars on many New Zealand communities and families.

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  • Page 6 - Helping the woundedMore than 14,000 New Zealanders were wounded between June and December 1917 in Belgium, and medical staff, orderlies, chaplains and stretcher-bearers worked round the clock to

Pacific aftermath

Hospital ships

  • Hospital ships

    The Maheno and Marama were the poster ships of New Zealand's First World War effort. Until 1915 these steamers had carried passengers on the Tasman route. But as casualties mounted at Gallipoli, the government - helped by a massive public fundraising campaign - converted them into state-of-the-art floating hospitals.

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  • Page 6 – Later service and legacies

    The Marama missed Gallipoli, reaching the Mediterranean a few weeks after the Allies abandoned the peninsula. The ships’ service pattern would now be dominated by long voyages


  • Buck, Peter Henry

    Biography of doctor, politician and anthropologist Peter Buck (Te Rangi Hīroa)

  • Makgill, Robert Haldane

    Robert Makgill was a key figure in the development of New Zealand's public health system. He was one of the country's first district health officers and played a crucial role during the devastating 1918 influenza pandemic.

  • Cruickshank, Margaret Barnet

    Margaret Cruickshank was the first woman to be registered as a doctor in New Zealand. She worked tirelessly during the 1918 influenza pandemic but eventually caught the disease herself and died on 28 November 1918.

  • Begg, Charles Mackie

    Charles Begg was New Zealand's most decorated member of the Medical Corps during the First World War. He played a major role in the treatment of troops during the 1915 Gallipoli campaign.

  • Rout, Ettie Annie

    Ettie Rout gained an infamous public profile as a safe-sex campaigner during the First World War.

  • King, Frederic Truby

    Dr Frederic Truby King provided the impetus for The Society for the Promotion of the Health of Women and Children, commonly known as the Plunket Society.

  • Barratt-Boyes, Brian

    At Green Lane Hospital Barratt-Boyes pioneered new surgical techniques involving the replacement of defective heart valves.

  • Jolly, Douglas Waddell

    Dr Doug Jolly pioneered mobile emergency surgery during the Spanish Civil War. He is described by US medical historian David Adamas as ‘one of the most notable war surgeons of the 20th century’.


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