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Conscription

Events In History

22 December 1916

Peter Fraser’s trial in the Wellington Magistrates’ Court was the sequel to a speech in which he attacked the government’s policy of military conscription.

16 November 1916

The Military Service Act passed on 1 August 1916 had made all healthy New Zealand men of military age (20 to 45) liable for active service overseas.

Articles

First World War - overview

Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife Sophie were assassinated in the Bosnian city of Sarajevo. This was a key event in sparking the Great War of 1914–18. Read the full article

Page 5 - The war at home

New Zealand played a small but useful part in the British Empire's war effort, and its essential war aim was achieved with the defeat of Germany and its allies in late 1918. New

Māori and the First World War

Māori reactions to serving in the First World War largely reflected iwi experiences of British actions in the 19th century. Read the full article

Page 1 - Māori and the First World War

Māori reactions to serving in the First World War largely reflected iwi experiences of British actions in the 19th

Page 3 - Māori objection to conscription

Māori served in the First World War in the Maori Contingent. At home, some Māori strongly opposed

Conscientious objection and dissent

There are always supporters and opponents of a country fighting a war. Over 2500 conscientious objectors lost their civil rights in New Zealand for refusing to serve in the First World War. Read the full article

Page 1 - Conscientious objection and dissent in the First World War

There are always supporters and opponents of a country fighting a war. Over 2500 conscientious objectors lost their civil rights in New Zealand for refusing to serve in the First

British Empire

Key information and statistics about countries who fought as part of the British Empire during the First World War Read the full article

Page 2 - Dominion of New Zealand

Facts and statistics about New Zealand during the First World

The Ottoman Empire

Few Kiwis today know much about one of our main First World War enemies, the Ottoman Empire - a sophisticated but often forgotten empire whose soldiers fought against New Zealand troops for four years in the Gallipoli, Sinai and Palestine campaigns. Read the full article

Page 12 - The Turkish soldier's experience

Mehmetçik – ‘Little Mehmet’ – was an affectionate Turkish nickname for Ottoman (Turkish)

Merchant marine

On 3 September New Zealand honours Merchant Navy Day. Here we explore the little-known but vital role played by the merchant marine during the First World War, when these civilian seafarers often found themselves in the front line of the war at sea. Read the full article

Page 8 - Politics, patriotism and protest

Although New Zealand seafarers served in many hostile theatres, some questioned the politics of the

Getting the men to war

The public service was the engine of New Zealand’s military war effort between 1914 and 1918. It took charge of signing up – and later conscripting – men for service abroad, training them, clothing them, housing them and transporting them to the northern hemisphere, where they became the responsibility of the British military. Read the full article

Page 1 - Getting the men to war

The public service was the engine of New Zealand’s military war effort between 1914 and 1918. It took charge of signing up – and later conscripting – men for service abroad,

New Zealanders who resisted the First World War

Lists of men who for a variety of reasons refused to serve in the First World War. Read the full article

Page 1 - New Zealanders who resisted the First World War

Lists of men who for a variety of reasons refused to serve in the First World

Page 2 - Imprisoned conscientious objectors, 1916-1920

A database of individuals imprisoned for rejecting military service during the First World

Page 3 - Convictions for sedition 1915-18

The War Regulations Act 1914 allowed citizens to be arrested and charged with sedition for making ‘disloyal’ or ‘seditious’ statements, either verbally or in print. This page

Page 4 - Military defaulters list, 1919

List of 2320 men classified as defaulters during the First World

Recruiting and conscription

Recruiting men for the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) was among the New Zealand government’s most pressing priorities during the four difficult years of the First World War. Tens of thousands were needed every year to keep the NZEF up to strength, and finding them presented major logistical, bureaucratic and tactical challenges to those responsible. Read the full article

Page 1 - Recruiting and conscription

Recruiting men for the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) was among the New Zealand government’s most pressing priorities during the four difficult years of the First World